canine pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas that can occur in two very different forms. acute pancreatitis is sudden while chronic pancreatitis is characterized by recurring or persistent form of pancreatic inflammation. cases of both can be considered mild or severe.
objective to review the evidence about the impact of hypoglycemia on patients with diabetes that has become available since the past reviews of this subject by the american diabetes association and the endocrine society and to provide guidance about how this …
pituitary apoplexy is characterized by sudden increase in pituitary gland volume secondary to ischemia and/or necrosis, usually in a pituitary adenoma. most cases occur during the 5 th decade of life, predominantly in males and in previously unknown clinically non-functioning pituitary adenomas ...
neurosarcoidosis (sometimes shortened to neurosarcoid) refers to sarcoidosis, a condition of unknown cause featuring granulomas in various tissues, involving the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord). it can have many manifestations, but abnormalities of the cranial nerves (a group of twelve nerves supplying the head and neck area) are the most common.
1 laboratory of clinical neurosciences, national science and technology institute for translational medicine (inct-tm), center of excellence in applied neurosciences of santa catarina (nenasc), graduate program in health sciences, health sciences unit, universidade do extremo sul catarinense (unesc), criciúma, sc, brazil.
3/8/2018 · thiamine deficiency, or beriberi, refers to the lack of thiamine pyrophosphate, the active form of the vitamin known as thiamine (also spelled thiamin), or vitamin b-1. thiamine pyrophosphate, the biologically active form of thiamine, acts as a coenzyme in carbohydrate metabolism through the decarboxylation of alpha ketoacids.
abstract. in brief. the pathophysiology of the link between diabetes and cardiovascular disease (cvd) is complex and multifactorial. understanding these profound mechanisms of disease can help clinicians identify and treat cvd in patients with diabetes, as well as help patients prevent these potentially devastating complications.
unrecognized congenital hypothyroidism leads to mental retardation. newborn screening and thyroid therapy started within 2 weeks of age can normalize cognitive development. the primary thyroid-stimulating hormone screening has become standard in many parts of the world. however, newborn thyroid screening is not yet universal in some countries.
1.2 dialysis as treatment of end-stage renal disease functions of the kidney and pathophysiology of renal failure function salt, water, and acid-base balance water balance sodium balance potassium balance
1 executive summary the national ems education standards (the standards) represent another step toward realizing the vision of the 1996 ems agenda for the future, as articulated in the 2000 ems education agenda for the future: a systems approach. the national ems education standards outline the minimal terminal objectives for entry-level ems personnel to achieve within the parameters …